I’ve been a fan of the thriller in all its forms since my Dad took me to see Diamonds are Forever at the local Odeon cinema. I subsequently inhaled the collected works of Ian Fleming, Alistair MacLean, John le Carre and many others as I was growing up. And more often than not, I would see the movies as well as reading the book.
I suspect that this is the reason that I tend to lean on films just as heavily as books when it comes to inspiration for my writing – flick through the reviews on my Amazon pages and you’ll find ‘filmic’ and ‘visual’ more often than ‘literary’. I’m fine with that, and I wanted to make the link even more explicit in this blog by talking about a fantastic tool for screenwriting that I use when plotting my books.
If you haven’t come across it before, then the Heroes Journey is probably the single most useful aid a writer can have when it comes to plot. Whenever I’m stuck, unsure about what might happen, or where the story should go next, I flick through the stages of the Heroes Journey and then go for a walk or do some washing up (my wife is a big fan of writer’s block). I can pretty much guarantee that the plotting problem will have been solved by the time I’m done with the exercise or the chore.
The Heroes Journey stems from the work of the American mythologist, Joseph Campbell (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Campbell) whose essential notion was that many of the world’s great stories and myths share important patterns and structures. He pared these down into what he called a ‘monomyth’ and in 1949 published the idea in a book called The Hero with a Thousand Faces (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Thousand-Faces-Collected-Joseph-Campbell/dp/1577315936/).
The elevator pitch for the Heroes Journey is that ordinary people venture from ordinary lives into more dangerous worlds, where many threats and obstacles are overcome before a decisive victory is won. These ordinary people return home as heroes, changed in ways that benefit the society they originally left.
The book was already an influential work when a gentleman by the name of George Lucas used it to inject plot and structure into a sci-fi movie called Star Wars – and from then on the Heroes Journey has never looked back as an inspiration for Hollywood screenwriters.
Its place in the pantheon was probably sealed by Christopher Vogler who, while working for Disney, wrote a seven page memo called ‘A Practical Guide to the Hero with a Thousand Faces’. It distilled Campbell’s work into a twelve-stage structure. The memo was such hot property that Vogler subsequently turned it into a book – The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Writer’s_Journey:_Mythic_Structure_for_Writers) and more recently a website (http://www.thewritersjourney.com/hero’s_journey.htm#Hero).
If you want to see how deeply the Heroes Journey is embedded in our modern movie culture, then check out this fantastic video in which Vogler explains the ‘monomyth’ with the help of some of the many films that have inspired it (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SB_Q1gFsvIw).
And next time you watch a film – or read a thriller, mystery or action adventure story (especially one of mine) – see how many elements of the Heroes Journey that you can spot. An easy one to start on is the Christopher Nolan reboot, Batman Begins… with a Call to Adventure!